European Institute of Innovation and Technology

Research institute, independent EU body

European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)
European Institute of Innovation and Technology logo.png
Established11 March 2008
Mission1. Increase Europe's competitiveness, its sustainable economic growth and job creation by promoting and strengthening cooperation among leading business, education and research organisations. 2. Power innovation and entrepreneurship in Europe by creating environments for creative and innovative thoughts to thrive.
FocusInnovation & Technology
ChairGioia Ghezzi (Governing Board) and Martin Kern (Director)
Key peopleMartin Kern (Interim Director)
Budget€2.4 billion for 2014–2020
Location
European Union Budapest (headquarters) and across the EU countries
Websiteeit.europa.eu

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is an independent body of the European Union with juridical personality, established in 2008 intended to strengthen Europe's ability to innovate.[1] The EIT is an integral part of Horizon 2020,[2] the EU's Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development.

EIT Innovation Communities

There are currently eight Innovation Communities and each focuses on a different societal challenge:

  • EIT Climate-KIC: Innovation for climate action
  • EIT Digital: For a strong, digital Europe
  • EIT Food: Addressing sustainable supply chains from resources to consumers
  • EIT Health: Together for healthy lives in Europe
  • EIT InnoEnergy: Pioneering change in sustainable energy
  • EIT Manufacturing: Leading manufacturing is made by Europe
  • EIT RawMaterials: Developing raw materials into a major strength for Europe
  • EIT Urban Mobility: Smart, green and integrated transport

Each of the EIT Innovation Communities operates in Innovation Hubs. These hubs are spread across the Europe to increase the impact of the EIT's activities. There are currently 50+ innovation hubs across Europe that include co-location centres, where education, research and business meet and interact with each other.

Results

Since the EIT was set up in 2008, it has delivered by January 2014:[3]

  • 8 Innovation Communities
  • 60+ innovation hubs across Europe
  • 1250+ start-ups and scale-ups supported
  • EUR 890+ million in external capital raised by EIT supported ventures
  • 13 000+ jobs created
  • 1700+ Master and PhD graduates
  • 640+ new products and services created

History

The EIT was officially established on 11 March 2008 following the adoption of the EIT Regulation[1] by the European Parliament and Council.[4]

The EIT Governing Board designated the first three EIT Innovation Communities (EIT Climate-KIC, EIT Digital and EIT InnoEnergy) in December 2009.

Funding

An initial budget of €308.7 million helped the launch and continues to support the EIT network during the 2008–2013 period.

The EIT Strategic Innovation Agenda[5] and the EIT's amended regulation,[6] adopted by the European parliament and Council in December 2013, define the framework of the EIT's operations from 2014 to 2020. The strategy proposed a budget of EUR 2.4 billion within Horizon 2020.

The annual grant to the Knowledge and Innovation Communities is allocated on a competitive basis and may not exceed 25% of the global expenditure of the Innovation Communities. The remainder of the Innovation Communities' budget must be raised from other sources of financing.

To advance the innovation performance of more countries and their regions across Europe, the EIT Regional Innovation Scheme (EIT RIS) was introduced in 2014. It targets especially countries with moderate or modest innovation scores as defined by the European Innovation Scoreboard. Since its establishment, the EIT RIS, which is steered by the EIT and implemented by its Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs), has successfully lead to a significant expansion of EIT Community activities to more countries and regions across Europe, contributing to a pan-European spread of EIT Community engagement opportunities and networks.[7]

Organization

Governing Board

The EIT Governing Board is the principal governing body, entrusted with the strategic leadership of the Institute and the overall direction of the operational activities implemented by the EIT Headquarters. It is independent and autonomous in its decision-making and is responsible for the selection, evaluation and support of the EIT Innovation Communities.

The EIT Governing Board has 12 members as well as one independent observer from the European Commission.  

Headquarters

The EIT Headquarters[8] are located in Budapest, Hungary, in the 11th district's Neumann Janos utca (Infopark, Budapest Science park).

EIT House

In 2017, the EIT officially opened the EIT House in Brussels. The EIT House serves two purposes, to increase awareness of the EIT among its stakeholders, and provide a space for members of the EIT Community to network and interact.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Regulation (EC) No 294/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 establishing the European Institute of Innovation and Technology
  2. ^ reigrro (4 November 2013). "European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)". Horizon 2020 – European Commission. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  3. ^ "EIT at a glance". European Institute of Innovation & Technology (EIT). 31 January 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Unlocking Europe's potential for innovation" IP/08/414
  5. ^ "DECISION No 1312/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2013 on the Strategic Innovation Agenda of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT): the contribution of the EIT to a more innovative Europe".
  6. ^ "REGULATION (EU) No 1292/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2013 amending Regulation (EC) No 294/2008 establishing the European Institute of Innovation and Technology".
  7. ^ "What are RIS countries (Regional Innovation Scheme)?". EU Funds. Retrieved 5 May 2022.
  8. ^ "EIT Headquarters"
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