Russell Square tube station

London Underground station

Russell Square is located in Central London
Russell Square
Russell Square
Location of Russell Square in Central London
LocationBloomsbury 22Local authorityCamdenManaged byLondon UndergroundNumber of platforms2Fare zone1London Underground annual entry and exit2017Decrease 11.45 million[1]2018Decrease 11.34 million[2]2019Increase 12.27 million[3]2020Decrease 2.74 million[4]2021Increase 3.66 million[5]Railway companiesOriginal companyGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayKey dates15 December 1906Station openedListed statusListing gradeIIEntry number1401730[6][7]Added to list20 July 2011Other informationExternal links
  • TfL station info page
WGS8451°31′23″N 0°07′28″W / 51.52306°N 0.12444°W / 51.52306; -0.12444Coordinates: 51°31′23″N 0°07′28″W / 51.52306°N 0.12444°W / 51.52306; -0.12444 London transport portal

Russell Square is a London Underground station opposite Russell Square on Bernard Street, Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden. The station is on the Piccadilly line, between Holborn and King's Cross St Pancras and is in Travelcard Zone 1.[8]

Russell Square Station is not far from the British Museum, the University of London's main campus, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Russell Square Gardens and the Brunswick Centre.[9]

The station is the work of London architect Leslie Green and is example of the Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style).[10][11]

History

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906.[12] The station was designed by Leslie Green.[13] On 20 July 2011, English Heritage gave the station buildings Grade II listed status, describing it as:

a good example of a station designed by Leslie Green to serve the GNP & BR, later the Piccadilly Line, retaining original tiled lettering. The interior, while altered, features of interest survive at lower levels including tiling and directional signage. The Yerkes group of stations designed by Leslie Green illustrate a remarkable phase in the development of the capital's transport system, with the pioneering use of a strong and consistent corporate image; the characteristic ox-blood faience façades are instantly recognisable and count among the most iconic of London building types.[6]

2005 London bombings

Ambulances at Russell Square following the attack

On 7 July 2005, in a co-ordinated bomb attack, an explosion in a train travelling between King's Cross St. Pancras and Russell Square resulted in the deaths of 26 people.[14] Another bomb later exploded on a bus at Tavistock Square.[14]

A plaque remembering the victims, identical to the one at King's Cross St Pancras tube station, is located at the station.[15]

The station today

The station is a Grade II listed building.[6][7]

Russell Square station has three lifts,[16] which are all fifty-passenger lifts built by Wadsworth.[17] There are no escalators but the platforms can be reached using a spiral staircase with 176 steps. [18]

The station has seven gates and a Wifi service,[19].

Platform level tiling

A platform on the London Underground
The distinctive platform level tilework

The stations on the central part of the Piccadilly line, as well as some sections of the Northern line, were financed by Charles Yerkes,[20] and are famous for the Leslie Green designed red station buildings and distinctive platform tiling. Each station had its own unique tile pattern and colours.

Services and connections

Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but generally operate every 4–7 minutes between 05:56 and 00:28 in both directions.[21][22]

London Buses routes 14, 59, 68, 91, 168, 188, peak-hour express X68 and night route N91 serve the station.[23]

In popular culture

Russell Square tube station was used as the location for the 1972 horror film Death Line,[24] which starred Donald Pleasence, Christopher Lee and Clive Swift.[25][26]

References

  1. ^ "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)". London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2021. Transport for London. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ a b c Historic England. "Russell Square Underground Station (1401730)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  7. ^ a b "16 London Underground Stations Listed At Grade II". English Heritage. 26 July 2011. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011.
  8. ^ Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. January 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  9. ^ Google Maps – Russell Square Tube Station
  10. ^ "London Underground by Design by Mark Ovenden – review". TheGuardian.com. 3 February 2013.
  11. ^ "Green, Leslie - Exploring 20th Century London". Archived from the original on 6 February 2012.
  12. ^ Rose 1999.
  13. ^ Wolmar 2005, p. 175.
  14. ^ a b July 7 2005 London Bombings Fast Facts
  15. ^ "Bombs 7/7/05 – Piccadilly line – WC1". Londonremembers.com. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  16. ^ Russell Square Tube Station – Facilities
  17. ^ Lifts at Russell Square Tube Station London – Youtube
  18. ^ "Tube Facts – Tube Stations that have no escalators and use lifts to get down to the platforms & Tube Stations with steps". Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  19. ^ Russell Square Underground Station
  20. ^ Bull, John (1 January 2010). "The Man Who Painted London Red". London Reconnections. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Piccadilly line timetable: From Russell Square Underground Station to King's Cross St. Pancras Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  22. ^ "Piccadilly line timetable: From Russell Square Underground Station to Holborn Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  23. ^ "Buses from Russell Square" (PDF). TfL. June 2022. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  24. ^ The London Underground in Films and Televisions (Real Stations – Portrayals)
  25. ^ Josh Ralske (2009). "Raw Meat". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 July 2009.
  26. ^ Roger Ebert (3 August 1973). "Raw Meat". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 15 January 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2022.

Bibliography

  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
  • Wolmar, Christian (2005) [2004]. The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Russell Square tube station.
  • "Russell Square Underground Station". Transport for London.
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